how many names are on the vietnam memorial

The essence of the Wall is the names and the reaction of the visitor to … Fully 50 percent were in the 17- to 24-year age group, and astonishingly, there were 764 Army officer casualties who were 21 or younger. In terms of national origin/ancestries, an extensive sampling of the data-base reveals that Americans of French Canadian, Polish, Italian and other Southern and Eastern European surnames made up about 10 percent of the Vietnam casualties. The Vietnam Veterans Memorial was dedicated on November 10, 1982, with 57,939 names. One additional factor, often overlooked, that influenced volunteer enlistment was military tradition — the influence of fathers, grandfathers, brothers, uncles and others who had served in previous 20th century wars. With the end of the Cold War, many now believe that at its outset the Vietnam War was a quite honorable extension of our ultimately successful policy of Communist containment; that our effort in Vietnam became flawed because of political and strategic failures having nothing to do with those who died there; and that these young Americans were asked by three presidents and six Congresses to give up their lives so that freedom would have a better chance in the world. On average, 43 percent of white enlisted entrants placed in categories I and II (scoring 65 to 100) and 57 percent in categories III and IV (scoring 10 to 64). The Vietnam Veterans Memorial pays tribute to those who served in the Vietnam War and is one of the most visited attractions in Washington DC.The memorial is a black granite wall inscribed with the names of 58,286 American’s killed or missing in the Vietnam conflict. Inscription at the beginning of The Wall. The 58,152 names of those who died in Vietnam are etched onto the two rising black marble slabs of the Vietnam Veterans Memorial in Washington, D.C. The popularity of the GI Bill after Vietnam emphasized this yearning. The Navy fatalities were 2,556 or 2 percent. In many of these families it was considered unpatriotic and indeed reprehensible to avoid active duty by requesting a status deferment or seeking out a draft counselor for advice on how to avoid the draft. As of Memorial Day 2017, there were 58,318 names, including eight women. The wall construction generally follows the techniques that John Devitt used in building the Moving Wall™. There is no question that all segments of American society were represented. The resulting aptitude scores were used to classify entrants into four categories and this would, for the most part, determine their subsequent assignments. Each row contains five names (six where a name has been added since the wall was originally installed). The Vietnam Veterans Memorial is a 2-acre (8,000 m ) U.S. national memorial in Washington, D.C. Ninety-one percent of these Army officers were warrant officers, second lieutenants, first lieutenants or captains. If the two branches are combined, then 80 percent of the Army and Marine enlisted casualties were privates or corporals, grades E-1 to E-4. It was designed by American architect Maya Lin. As one walks the Wall slowly, examining the ineffably American names, one is struck by the same recurring surnames. World War II had been, for the most part, a perfect war, clear of purpose, the forces of democracy and freedom lined up against the forces of fascism and tyranny. Adding to the problem was Project 100,000. These files are lists of the names on the Vietnam Veterans Memorial, listed in chronological order of the casualty date and then alphabetical by last name within a given date. Dedicated in 1993, the Vietnam Women's Memorial pays tribute to the more than 265,000 women who served during the Vietnam era. In the military it can be somewhat more deadly. This is close to, but not exactly in the same order as the names on the Wall. 900 Ohio Drive SW As a region, the South experienced the greatest numbers of dead, nearly 34 percent of the total, or 31.0 deaths per 100,000 of population. Additionally, many of the names on the wall were other teenagers from the suburban white collar communities with siblings who were in, or would go on to college, but who, as individuals themselves, were slow to mature, struggled through high school and were therefore very available for the Vietnam War. And they often show a heartbreakingly wry sense of humor with the same sensibilities as their college-bound peers. The vast majority of Americans who were eligible by age but did not serve in the armed forces were exempted by reason of physical, mental, psychiatric, or moral failure; or they were given status deferments because they were college students, fathers, clergy, teachers, engineers or conscientious objectors. Since its adoption in 1951, at the time of the Korean War, this policy had been renewed by Congress every four years. These alphabetical indexes are for your convenience but do not represent the order of names on the Wall. Of the 7,877 officer casualties, 7,595, or 96.4 percent, were white; 147, or 1.8 percent, were black; 24, or 0.3 percent, were Asian; 7, or .08 percent, were Native American; 104, or 1.3 percent, were unidentified by race. The very young were considered by many to be preferred combat material. John Kennedy, discussing military assignments, said that, life is unfair. Those who could have qualified for college probably did not have the funds or motivation. Multiple casualties occurring on the same day appear in alphabetical order. Of 2,590 total Air Force casualties, 1,674 or 65 percent were officers. The 58,152 names of those who died in Vietnam are etched onto the two rising black marble slabs of the Vietnam Veterans Memorial in Washington, D.C. The Vietnam Veterans Memorial is a black granite wall inscribed with the names of 58,286 American’s killed or missing in the Vietnam conflict. You can scroll down to see the names of casualties listed under their official city. As a result, the black casualty rate was reduced to 11.5 percent by 1969. Where previously a high school diploma had been an acceptable goal, now it was college and all the benefits it would bring. Since the days of Alexander the Great and the Roman Legions, it has always been the young, inexperienced, low-ranking enlisted man who has taken the brunt of combat casualties. is listed by the U.S. Department of Defense as having a casualty date of June 8, 1956. It should be emphasized that 55 percent of all Navy and Air Force officer casualties came as a result of reconnaissance and bombing sorties into North Vietnam, Laos, Thailand and Cambodia. NAVY AND AIR FORCE OFFICER CASUALTIES BY RANK AND AGE. The Air Force lost the highest percentage of officers. The Department of Defense decides whose name gets to go on The Wall, but those inscribed typically… The officer corps’ casualties alone would satisfy that judgment, but that is not the same as being representative. OR To shorten the name list, enter 2 or more letters of any part of a name in the box below. However, if officer casualties are added to the total, then this overrepresentation is reduced to 12.5 percent of all casualties. Approximately 1200 of these are listed as missing (MIA's, POW's, and others). The idea that American enlisted dead were made up largely of society’s poverty stricken misfits is a terrible slander to their memory and to the solid working-class and middle-class families of this country who provided the vast majority of our casualties. These changes will bring the total number of names on the Vietnam Veterans Memorial to 58,282 men and … Almost 50 percent were majors, lieutenant-colonels, colonels and three were generals. The Air Force lost 2,580 or l percent. A new Department of Defense (DOD) database computer tape released through the National Archives allows researchers to take a much closer look at our 58,152 Vietnam casualties. Thus, there were 211,455 killed and wounded, or one in every 10 Americans who served in Vietnam. Postscript: Since 1982, there have been 89 names added to The Wall. As part of the wall’s 30th anniversary … The Army as a branch had 134,982 killed or wounded (9.5 percent), but the Marines suffered 66,227 killed or wounded (22.5 percent) or almost one of every four Marines who served. Although valuable, this study was almost certainly misinterpreted by its authors when they said that their data showed that most privileged and influential segments of American society were not insulated from the perils of Vietnam conflict. As a result, it was mainly the families of Navy and Air Force pilots and crewmen who suffered the great agony of the POW (prisoner of war) and MIA (missing in action) experience that came out of the Vietnam War. It is forgotten now, but in the beginning Congress and most of the American people were behind our containment effort in Vietnam. They did not, in most cases, carry the burdens of wife or children. If the demographic is expanded to 17- to 21- years, then we find there were 83 percent of Marine enlisted casualties, and 65 percent of Army enlisted casualties. Officers of all services, by tradition largely Protestant, remained so during the Vietnam war, sustaining casualties in comparison with Catholics by a 5 to 2 ratio. The same profile holds true for the Marine Corps, where 87 percent of all officer casualties (821 of 938) were warrant officers, lieutenants or captains. The panels are filled like pages of a journal listing the men and women's names as they fell. When the Vietnam Veterans Memorial was dedicated, it originally had 57,939 names inscribed on it. By and large, with the exception of the officer corps, most of the college bound and educated skipped the Vietnam War at the urging of, and with the approval of, their own government. Most of the young American enlisted men who served in Vietnam were not college prospects at the time they entered the service. These casualties came largely from the Northeast and North Central regions of the United States, many from the traditionally patriotic, Catholic working class neighborhoods. The wall contains 58,307 names. The Wall of Faces seeks to have photos of all 58,276 U.S. service members whose names are on the Vietnam Veterans Memorial, often known as The Wall. Although it is a truism that the young die in war, one is still unprepared for the fact that 40 percent of Marine enlisted casualties in Vietnam were teenagers; that more than 16 percent of Army enlisted casualties were also teenagers; and that nearly a quarter of all enlisted casualties in Vietnam were between the ages of 17- and 19-years old. The first names appear at the center of the wall at the top of panel 1E. These young men were trained quickly and shipped to Vietnam quickly. During the Vietnam War, the Navy and Air Force became substantially white enclaves – enlisted and officer casualties were 96 percent white. Certainly, some who died did come from poor and broken homes in the urban ghettos and barrios, or were from dirt-poor farm homes in the South and Midwest. With few exceptions, almost all of the 6,600 commissioned officers who died in Vietnam were graduates of the service academies, college Reserve Officers Training Corps (ROTC), or the Officer Candidate School (OCS) programs. 20024. There are 58,267 names now listed on … Printed registries available at the memorial are organized alphabetically by last name. The 1970 census which is being used as our Vietnam era population base did not list an Hispanic count but gave an estimate of 4.5 percent of the American population. These were Mexican, Puerto Rican, Cuban and other Latino-Americans with ancestries based in Central and South America. Katie Holmes, actress (Dawson's Creek TV series, Batman Begins). These names represented those military personnel who... See … This came at a time when blacks made up 11 percent of the male population nationwide. Through the AFQT process, the men scoring in the higher categories were more likely to be channeled into further specialized training and eventually assigned to technical and administrative units. Many of the 17- and 18-year olds were simply late in maturing. And more’s the pity, because many of them were trying to escape this background and didn’t make it. This was a reflection of the role of warrant officers as helicopter pilots (of the 1,277 warrant officer casualties, 95 percent were Army helicopter pilots), and of the young lieutenants and captains as combat platoon leaders or company commanders. Just as the Vietnam War had divided the country, the Vietnam Veterans Memorial garnered many outspoken opinions of both praise and antipathy. 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