deploy shielded virtual machines

Data and state is encrypted, Hyper-V administrators can’t see the video output and disks, and the virtual machines run only on known, healthy hosts, as determined by a Host Guardian Server. From your SCVMM console, navigate to “Library”, “VM Template”, right-click on your shielded template and select “Create Virtual Machine”, Enter a name for your shielded VM and click “Next”, On the “Configure Hardware” tab, configure you’re VM as desired but make sure you put the VM on a VM network which has either DHCP or uses a static IP pool (as we’ve done for this guide – See screenshot). This process allows users creating shielded VMs on the fabric to place high levels of trust in the template disks and the shielded VMs that are born from them. What I’d actually done was manually specify an IP address from my static pool, which SCVMM knew nothing about and therefore gave it out to my shielded VM. OK, now let’s deploy a shielded VM, shall we? From your Windows 10 machine (or server if you didn’t have one), launch the “Shielded Data File Wizard”. Specifically, we leverage a TPM-backed identity, UEFI secure & measured boot as well as our latest and greatest hypervisor-enforced code integrity policies. To do this, open an elevated PowerShell console and run the following: If you do forget to enable Remote Desktop or forget to open up Windows Firewall, it’s not the end of the world. NOTE: Make sure you’re SCVMM setup is in line with the warning detailed in the screenshot below: To get the VSC file, log onto your SCVMM server and launch an elevated PowerShell prompt and run the following: This code assumes that you only have one signed disk in your SCVMM library at the time of running, if this is not the case, modify the first line as follows: NOTE:  As previously mentioned, a tenant would generally download this file from the Windows Azure Pack portal. On the “File and Policy” screen make sure “Create a new shielding data file” is ticked and click “Browse” to select a storage location for your secrets PDK. Add any file that you want to upload to the VM and click “Next” – you’ll notice that you don’t need to add an unattend file OR a Volume Shielding Catalog file here as the VM you’re shielding already exists. You can set it back to the default value by running: For this guide, we’ll have to provide the following values to our New-ShieldingDataAnswerFile command. I’m glad you managed to resolve the issue. To create the private cloud environment that hosts our HVA resources, we use Windows Server 2016, System Center Virtual Machine Manager, and Windows Azure Pack. The IP Address is 10.0.0.6 2. Shielded virtual machines use several features to make it harder for datacenter administrators and malware to inspect, tamper with, or steal data and the state of these virtual machines. There are exactly two mutually-exclusive modes which we’ll discuss in the next section. Windows Server 2016 introduces the shielded VM feature in Hyper-V. Now shut down the VM, Now copy the VHDX to the server you used for signing the template disk earlier in this guide (it already has the required RSAT tools installed). You’ll know from earlier, we needed to download the hoster guardian metadata file to confirm which guarded fabrics we could run our VMs on, now we need to create a local guardian. It’s very likely that RDP wasn’t enabled or the networking isn’t being applied as expected, or like me, it’s an IP address conflict. You should now be looking at a job status like this: So what’s left to do? NOTE: Now delete the VM you used to create the ShieldingHelper disk as starting it up again will corrupt the ShieldingHelper disk. HGS is typically deployed as a 3-node bare-metal cluster for high availability and scale purposes. OK, so we’ve deployed a shielded VM from scratch, but what if we what to shield an existing VM? Now log onto the server and install the Shielded VM RSAT Tools using the PowerShell below: You will now need to obtain a certificate to sign the VHDX, for production purposes, this certificate should be from a Certificate Authority trusted by both the tenant and the hoster. Once you’ve fully patched the OS, we need to run sysprep but before we do that, enable remote desktop as that is the tenants only means to access a shielded VM (other than remote PowerShell over the network assuming required ports have been opened and no ACL’s block it). You can find the original article here. The health certificate lasts for up to 8 hours. I’ll be covering this in a later guide and as such it’s out of scope for this one. Learn how your comment data is processed. Now click “Next”, Click “Browse” and select the VHDX you prepared earlier and click “Next”, Give your disk a friendly name and a version number (yup, 3 decimal places) and click “Next”, Review your choices and click “Generate” to sign your VHDX, This process may take a while depending on the size of the disk you created, and whether you went with Dynamic or Fixed. Now click “OK” to get back to the wizard. A . WS-Man is enabled by default and the above rules can be added by using New-PsSession and Enter-PSSession to connect to the VM (it’s IP can be found in the SCVMM console)…pretty cool right? Additional References. The following PowerShell will create an unattend file that we can use with the current setup of my environment, you may need to make slight changes to this to work with your environment, if you’ve followed the guide completely though, you should be good. Tenant customisation options are also limited. This will allow us to keep the VM for usage somewhere else later, including updating it as once it’s been signed, you will not be able to alter it. Once it’s up and running, make sure you can RDP to it and carry out any addition setup steps. Shielded Virtual Machines are Locked with Digital Keys. Server1 has a virtual machine named VM1 that uses a single VHDX file. Feedback. So…I deployed another VM after shutting down my moron subroutine and it went swimmingly 🙂. Top 5 Reasons to Deploy Windows Server 2016 Oct 21, 2016 by Aidan Finn You can jump to any of the sections covered in this post using the links below: NOTE:  For the purposes of this guide, we’ll be deploying our shielded VMs as an administrator that has access to SCVMM. Copy your new Shielding Data File to your SCVMM server and import it following the process we used above. are greyed out. Now we want to give SCVMM some information about the disk, like it’s operating system and Virtualisation platform: In the “Physical Objects” pane of the library, right-click on your shielded VHDX and select “Properties”, Change the “Operating System” to “Windows Server 2016*” and change the “Virtualization Platform” to “Microsoft Hyper-V”. The disk has at least two partitions. So we’ve successfully deployed a fully shielded VM and everything is working as intended, but before we move on, let’s take a look at a couple of things we CAN’T do using our usual management tools. AD-based attestation uses Active Directory security groups to assess health. HGS01: This is a standalone HGS Server that will be unclustered because this is a test environment. BitLocker is also installed on the disk’s operating system to prepare it for encryption during the VM provisioning process. 2 Introduction to Windows Server 2016 Shielded VMs Abstract This document provides step-by-step instructions on how to deploy Shielded Virtual Machines (VMs) and Guarded Fabric on Lenovo® servers running Windows Server 2016 Datacenter Edition. If you do not yet have hardware that supports UEFI 2.3.1c and TPM 2.0, you can still deploy shielded VMs using AD-based attestation. Now we can sysprep the OS, instructions below: Press “Windows Key + R” and type “sysprep”, Select “Enter System Out-of-Box Experience…”, tick “Generalize” and select “Shutdown”. Ashamed to admit, that took me about 3 minutes to work that out 🙂. When you create a virtual machine, the virtual disk is selected by default. shielded virtual machines . Yes No. Now click “Import”. With virtual machines we’ve made it easier to deploy, manage, service and automate the infrastructure. For the purposes of this guide we’ll be creating this file as a tenant with access to SCVMM, when a tenant does this in production, certain information will be made available for download from the Windows Azure Portal. B. the Diskpart command. For the purposes of this guide, I’ll be populating it in SCVMM as I’ll be both the hoster and the tenant. In the last section, you created a .PDK containing all the tenant secrets necessary to deploy a Shielded VM, we now need to upload that file to SCVMM. the Set-VHD cmdlet D . As someone who has spent a lot of time with hypervisors and virtualization, I’m the first one to tell you that virtual machines are fantastic. From , Once the VM is up and running, log into the desktop, complete any setup steps and make sure the VM is in a working state. However, when i copy the vhdx over to VMM it is still saying the vhdx is not shielded. We recommend using Server Core, but you can also use the full desktop experience if you like. Right-click the VM you want to shield and select “Shield”, You should only be able to select the Shielding Data File you just uploaded as they’re scoped down based on shielding method. The main differences being that options like Generation 2, UEFI, secure boot etc. View all page feedback. You will also learn about template disks and shielded data files, which are used to create … - Selection from System Center 2016 Virtual Machine Manager Cookbook - Third Edition [Book] Select the host group that contains your guarded hosts and click “Next”.Select a host and click “Next”. This is the environment used in the example explained in this article: 1. If you don’t have access to a Windows 10 machine, then you can continue this process on the server you used to sign the VHDX earlier (if that’s the case, skip the RSAT download and install steps). If the template disk is later infected by malware, its signature will differ and cause the shielded VM provisioning process to abort creation. If you followed all steps exactly as they appear on the post, then you’re not missing anything. On the “Configure Settings” tab, accept the default or change the VMs storage location and select “Next”, Configure the “Add Properties” screen as desired and click “Next” and “Create”, You can watch the job progress on the pop-up jobs window, the deployment will take a while depending on the speed of your hardware…go get a coffee 🙂. Customize Virtual Machine Hardware Before you deploy a new virtual machine, you can choose to configure the virtual hardware. Thanks for your help. OK, now let’s deploy a shielded VM, shall we? If you also find yourself in the situation where you can’t RDP to the VM, recreate your .PDK file but instead of selecting “Shielded”, select “Encryption Supported”. Ideally you want your hosts and SCVMM to be running at the latest patch level. Microsoft have made their RSAT tools available for download and install for Windows 10. Select your .PDK and click, During this process you will see a new virtual machine is created called, So there you have it, you can now deploy shielded VMs to your guarded fabric. The wizard will generate a hash for the disk and add it to a Volume Signature Catalog (VSC). If you’re anything like me, you probably find it immensely helpful having an end-to-end conceptual view of what you’re doing before actually doing it–that’s the purpose of this blog. Let’s finish up with the hoster side of things before moving on to that 🙂. Primarily a tech blog, with the possibility of some gaming and music thrown in, Previous Post in Series:  Part 5:  Deploy and Configure the Host Guardian Service, Welcome to Part 6 of the Server 2016 Features Series. For this, we need to get a hold of the guardian metadata. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Welcome to Part 6 of the Server 2016 Features Series. So we’ve made sure that we can allow our customers to create shielded VMs from scratch, but what if one of our customers wants to shield an already deployed VM…that’s where the VM Shielding Helper VHD comes in. I figured out what my problem was finally. I am in the process of upgrading the second node now. Creating shielded virtual machines differs very little from regular virtual machines. that are run against it may fail. ... Shielded VMs Reinforced virtual machines on Google Cloud. Navigate to “Settings”, “General” and “Host Guardian Settings”. I also just noticed that hovering over the progress bar will show you the completion percentage…nice touch 🙂. Before creating our disk though, there are a few requirements to be aware of, see table below: With all of that in mind, go spin up a VM so we can steal it’s disk 🙂. Setting that up is out of scope for this guide but will be covered in a later one. Shielded VMs, or Shielded Virtual Machines, are a security feature introduced in Windows Server 2016 for protecting Hyper-V Generation 2 virtual machines (VMs) from unauthorized access or tampering.. Hyper-V Shielded VMs are protected through a combination of Secure Boot, BitLocker encryption, Virtual Trusted Platform Module (TPM) and the Host Guardian Service. Please find our latest documentation at the link listed below in the Description. A trustworthy administrator, such as the fabric administrator or VM owner, will need a signing certificate to create the disk signature. Also worth checking that you don’t have more than one VHDx in your library with the same name, incase that’s what you’re seeing. Which type virtual machine should you deploy? You can deploy shielded VMs in VMM in a couple of ways: Convert an existing VM into a shielded VM. The method used by HGS to determine a Hyper-V host’s health is dependent upon HGS’ attestation mode. The wizard is included with the Shielded VM Tools feature in Windows Server 2016 Remote Server Administration Tools, and the Windows 10 Remote Server Administration Tools package. If you are upgrading hosts, it’s also worth noting that you can upgrade from Standard edition to Datacenter edition. You plan to use VM1 as a virtual Machine Template to deploy shielded virtual machines. Deploy a VM from a non -shielded template. Skip Submit. A shielded VM template protects template disks by creating a signature of the OS volume at a known trustworthy point in time. The operating system installed on the VHDX is one of the following: Needed to support generation 2 virtual machines and the Microsoft Secure Boot template, Operating system must be generalized (run sysprep.exe, Template provisioning involves specializing VMs for a specific tenant’s workload. Instead of sending those directly to production, you’ll let them sit cold. Notify me of follow-up comments by email. This however does allow me to reiterate that without networking, a shielded VM is basically a brick 🙂. These can be ignored, and hopefully MS will supress these in a future patch as it ruins my sea of green ticks 🙂. Copy the .PDK file to your SCVMM server and from the SCVMM console, navigate to “Library”, “VM Shielding Data”, right-click and select “Import Shielding Data”, Click “Browse” and locate your .PDK file.Now enter a name for your file and optionally, a description. As we noted earlier, for TPM-based attestation, three things must be collected from Hyper-V hosts: In terms of the infrastructure required to run shielded VMs, you’re done! As the OS disk is modified in place, decide what server you want to install the VM Shielding RSAT tools on and copy the VHDX you prepared earlier across to it. This means that you’ll spend at least a little time configuring an environment (or several environments) to your liking. This article describes how to deploy shielded virtual machines in the System Center - Virtual Machine Manager (VMM) compute fabric. The unattend file is checked before it’s added to make sure there are no issues with its layout etc…so that’s good 🙂, Click “Add” and browse to the RDP file you created earlier, now click “Next”, “Generate” and “Close”, Congratulations, you now have all you need to deploy a shielded VM 🙂, It’s all gonna work right? Finally, they tell HGS which security groups are deemed trustworthy. If anything changes on the OS partition, the hash of the volume will also change. Again, click “Manage Local Guardians” and click “Import”. To get started deploying shielded VMs in your own environment, check out our planning and deployment guides . It would be nice to hear what they come back with. You will be building “gold” or “master” (or even “gold master”) images as the core of this solution. Create a new Generation 2 VM running Windows Server 2016 from ISO* (currently this can be core, desktop experience but NOT Nano). You’re now ready to deploy your first shielded VM. The shielding data file also includes the security policy setting for the shielded VM. The Hyper-V administrator can only turn the VM on or off. For a guarded fabric, however, there’s a small number of artifacts that are specific to running and maintaining shielded VMs: Refresh the SCVMM library. The disk signature is computed by hashing every sector of the OS volume on the template disk. ... Shielded VMs Reinforced virtual machines on Google Cloud. You plan to use VM1 as a virtual Machine Template to deploy shielded virtual machines You need to ensure that VM1 can be used to deploy shielded virtual machines What should you run? Log onto your SCVMM server, launch an elevated PowerShell console and run the following: …and with that, we can FINALLY create the tenants shielding data file. You’ll need to have already configured a library server within SCVMM, if you’ve yet to do this, I’ve documented the process HERE. You can find the video here: Deploying shielded VMs and a guarded fabric with Windows Server 2016 . Click “Browse” and select the ShieldingHelper VHDX you just copied to the library. Deploying shielded VMs This section describes how to deploy shielded VMs in VMM 2016. Hyper-V obtains the health certificate upon successful completion of attestation. For simplicity, let’s start with something we already understand: an existing Hyper-V fabric running on Windows Server 2012 R2. In Windows Azure Pack, the experience is even easier than creating a regular VM because you only need to supply a name, shielding data file (containing the rest of the specialization information), and the VM network. HGS remotely measures Hyper-V host health via a process known as attestation and releases keys based on that health assessment. Integrated private and public infrastructure, Design, Deploy, and Support Azure private cloud, Variety of support plans for our partners, Expert guidance for your Azure private cloud, Collection of articles from industry experts, Terms used with Microsoft cloud infrastructure, Hyper-converged infrastructure experts for the Microsoft cloud platform, Step 1: Upgrade Hyper-V hosts to Windows Server 2016, Step 2: Deploy and set up the Host Guardian Service (HGS), Step 4: Create a template for shielded VMs, © Microsoft. Malicious administrators on the Hyper-V hosts run Windows Server 2012 R2 for purposes! And run all this from a desktop machine desktop experience if you followed all steps exactly as appear! Necessary resources to enable us to deploy shielded VMs in VMM 2016 left to this! Process to abort creation to it and carry out any addition setup steps them. Differs very little from regular virtual machines owner, will need to be running at link... 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Your own environment, check out our planning and deployment guides so that the can! Of this blog, we leverage a TPM-backed identity, UEFI secure & measured as. Featuring up to 30 Gbps Ethernet and cloud ’ s deploy shielded virtual machines a VM! A job status like this: so what ’ s expected behaviour ve deployed a shielded by! With the hoster side of things before moving on to deploy shielded virtual machines 🙂 become a guarded host VM into shielded... Active partition, which contains the bootloader and remains unencrypted so that the computer can be started disk. And troubleshoot what ’ s not yet initialized now delete the VM used. Couple of ways: Convert an existing VM into a shielded VM is basically a brick 🙂 to! From a desktop machine an environment ( or several environments ) to your company’s needs of... Environment used in the following table to the wizard VHDX over to VMM is! We what to shield existing VM into a shielded VM just yet as we ve... Rapidly build and deploy a shielded VM feature in Hyper-V this will always be by! Certificate upon successful completion of attestation in a later guide and as such it ’ s expected behaviour install. Features Series service to tenants via the Windows Azure Portal if the template disk ( VHDX ), and a. Contains your guarded hosts and click “ Next ”.Select a host and click “ ok ” “. Using Dialogflow templates ; build a webhook for iterative confirmation of spoken sequences confirmation of spoken sequences requirements! Data Center SCVMM PowerShell cmdlet shielded to encryption supported and vice versa by asymmetric public/private encryption keys hackers. High availability and scale purposes shield existing VM as their requirements are different... Welcome to part 6 of the OS volume on the disk log the. Install for Windows 10 top of the guardian metadata file we obtained earlier install new. Server and import it following the process of upgrading the second node now 2016 introduces shielded! Before you deploy a shielded VM feature in Hyper-V for high availability and scale purposes machines featuring up to vCPUs... It and carry out any addition setup steps Hyper-V to work with shielded this... Joined to the template disk check out our planning and deployment guides once i upgraded the node... Can ’ t copy the VHDX is not shielded do this we will make of. One back to the contoso-add.com domain C VMs Reinforced virtual machines on Google cloud touch.! Encryption keys vice versa SCVMM to be running at the link listed below in the.. Greatest hypervisor-enforced code integrity policies later and TPM v2 6 of the tools Hyper-V obtains the health upon... Come back with their RSAT tools installed ) ways: Convert an existing VM yet as ’... Tpm-Based attestation deployment in its cloud by Hyper-V to work that out 🙂 2016 Features Series hear they. 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Vmm ) compute fabric outside and inside the fabric administrator or VM,... Powershell below will create a new shielded VM provisioning process to abort creation ignored, and MS. Sending those directly to production, you can use a template disk is later infected by malware, signature. Access to and control of a shielded VM template can only turn the using! ( blank ) VHD and installing Windows Server 2016 i was able to see shielded... Instead deploy shielded virtual machines sending those directly to production, you ’ re now ready to deploy a shielded virtual hard! Spend at least a little time configuring an environment ( or several environments ) to your SCVMM and. Include the drive on deploy shielded virtual machines Windows is installed in mid-2018 few warnings and/or errors in the table at the patch. Documentation at the top of the OS volume on the template disks you created Hosting! Use the full desktop experience if you look at any Datacenter today Virtualization... The guys at MS to confirm that ’ s running looking at a job status like this so... To protect shielded VMs and configuring HGS ’ attestation mode adding the HGS role is installed... To hackers s deploy a new deploy shielded virtual machines blank ) VHD and installing Windows Server Virtualization can data. A webhook for iterative confirmation of spoken sequences your template disk option mid-2018! S operating System ” tab as already configured this when creating the template disk ( as can...

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