summary of sustainable development

Thus, environmental economist Kerry Turner has argued that literally, there can be no such thing as overall "sustainable development" in an industrialised world economy that remains heavily dependent on the extraction of earth's finite stock of exhaustible mineral resources: "It makes no sense to talk about the sustainable use of a non-renewable resource (even with substantial recycling effort and reduction in use rates). As the future is uncertain (Japp & Kusche, 2008: 80) and human beings are fundamentally incapable of predicting it (Simon, 1990: 7–8; Taleb, 2008), there is not only one but a multitude of possible scenarios that deviate to various degrees from our preferred expected scenario (Figure 5.8). The other requisite part of sustainable development, related to the notion of being “able to be upheld”, is equally important and brings into focus the importance of how we exploit our resources to maintain or develop some aspect of society over time. Goal 2: End hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition and promote sustainable agriculture. [34], Environmental sustainability concerns the natural environment and how it endures and remains diverse and productive. Atom.archives.unesco.org. In addition, it focuses on the short- and long-term local and overall interests while contributing toward the socioeconomic systems and individuals’ lifestyles. 2 Sustainable Development Goals 1.1 By 2030, eradicate extreme poverty for all people everywhere, currently measured as people living on less than $1.25 a day 1.2 By 2030, reduce at least by half the proportion of men, women and children of all ages living in poverty in … It also means that the politics of economic change can be addressed. Since the publication of the report, the ambiguous and insubstantial slogan of "sustainable development" has marched on worldwide.[7]:94–99. P. Hoagland, ... M.E. The Circles of Sustainability approach used by Metropolis defines the (fourth) cultural domain as practices, discourses, and material expressions, which, over time, express continuities and discontinuities of social meaning. Broadly defined, sustainable development is a systems approach to growth and development and to manage natural, produced, and social capital for the welfare of their own and future generations. As renewable energy becomes more common, fossil fuel infrastructures are replaced by renewables and we may begin to see a Renewable energy transition, providing better social equity to these communities. The lack of progress in turning Agenda 21 into actions for sustainable development leads to the 2002 Johannesburg World Summit on sustainable development. Sustainable development is a process of social advancement that accommodates the needs of current and future generations and that successfully integrates economic, social, and environmental considerations in decision making. Copyright © 2020 Elsevier B.V. or its licensors or contributors. The term sustainable development as used by the United Nations incorporates both issues associated with land development and broader issues of human development such as education, public health, and standard of living. Looking more closely into the term “sustainable”, it is defined as something that is “able to be upheld or defended” (New Oxford American Dictionary, 2005). [44][45], It has been suggested that because of rural poverty and overexploitation, environmental resources should be treated as important economic assets, called natural capital. If any one pillar is weak then the system as a whole is unsustainable. The MDG experience underscored the importance of updated datasets for achieving the goals. Meadows, J. Randers, and W.W. Behrens III. Ensure inclusive and equitable quality education and promote lifelong learning opportunities for all. Goal 1: End poverty in all its forms everywhere, Goal 2: End hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition, and promote sustainable agriculture, Goal 3: Ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages, Goal 4: Ensure inclusive and equitable quality education and promote life-long learning opportunities for all, Goal 5: Achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls, Goal 6: Ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all, Goal 7: Ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable, and modern energy for all, Goal 8: Promote sustained, inclusive, and sustainable economic growth, full and productive employment, and decent work for all, Goal 9: Build resilient infrastructure, promote inclusive and sustainable industrialization, and foster innovation, Goal 10: Reduce inequality within and among countries, Goal 11: Make cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient, and sustainable, Goal 12: Ensure sustainable consumption and production patterns, Goal 13: Take urgent action to combat climate change and its impacts, Goal 14: Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas, and marine resources for sustainable development, Goal 15: Protect, restore, and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, and halt and reverse land degradation and halt biodiversity loss, Goal 16: Achieve peaceful and inclusive societies, rule of law, effective and capable institutions, Goal 17: Strengthen means of implementation and revitalize the global partnership for sustainable development, Malin Song, ... Xianyou Pan, in Sustainable Marine Resource Utilization in China, 2020. Finally, it acknowledged the concept of nature having certain rights, that people have stewardship of the world, and the importance of putting people at the forefront of solving these global issues. Once again, this issue needs to be addressed. It has been argued that there is no such thing as a sustainable use of a non-renewable resource, since any positive rate of exploitation will eventually lead to the exhaustion of earth's finite stock;[2]:13 this perspective renders the Industrial Revolution as a whole unsustainable. [38] A promising direction towards sustainable development is to design systems that are flexible and reversible. This page was last edited on 18 December 2020, at 02:38. Sustainable development can be defined as development that meet… [54][55][56][57], The study, Interpreting Sustainability in Economic Terms, found three pillars of sustainable development, interlinkage, intergenerational equity, and dynamic efficiency. Empowered youth and local communities interacting with education institutions become key actors in advancing sustainable development. Shah, in Encyclopedia of Ecology, 2008. Research and innovation in Europe is financially supported by the programme Horizon 2020, which is also open to participation worldwide. It emphasized three fundamental components to sustainable development: environmental protection, economic growth, and social equity. [citation needed], Both eco-efficiency and socio-efficiency are concerned primarily with increasing economic sustainability. [110] It is said that increased user participation in the design process can garner a more comprehensive understanding of the design issues, due to more contextual and emotional transparency between researcher and participant. It is in the interest of business, government and civil society alike to accelerate progress towards this vision. [111], The United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development (UNCSD; also known as Rio 2012) was the third international conference on sustainable development, which aimed at reconciling the economic and environmental goals of the global community. The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), also known as the Global Goals, were adopted by all United Nations Member States in 2015 as a universal call to action to end poverty, protect the planet and ensure that all people enjoy peace and prosperity by 2030. The Fourth Pillar of Sustainable Development Theory has been referenced by executive director of IMI Institute at UNESCO Vito Di Bari[105] in his manifesto of art and architectural movement Neo-Futurism, whose name was inspired by the 1987 United Nations' report Our Common Future. To that end, this review accords substantial detail to the origins and development of the notion of sustainable development and how the complex interdependencies of economic, social, and environmental development processes and their outcomes are being revealed in the pursuit of sustainable development. It is a term that we come across in arenas ranging from door-step recycling initiatives to media explanations of global security issues. The SDGs replace the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) which expired in 2015 and were implemented over 15 years. Sustainable development is both conceptually and practically a broad and multifaceted issue (Kates et al., 2001; WCED, 1987). [79] OSAT has been proposed as a new model of enabling innovation for sustainable development.[80][81]. While it is possible that we can find ways to replace some natural resources, it is much more unlikely that they will ever be able to replace eco-system services, such as the protection provided by the ozone layer, or the climate stabilizing function of the Amazonian forest. 1996. [52], A World Bank study from 1999 concluded that based on the theory of genuine savings, policymakers have many possible interventions to increase sustainability, in macroeconomics or purely environmental. [87] An example is the modification in available transportation in Freiburg, Germany. In addition, close examination is needed of what is trying to be achieved and how, in the name of sustainable development, to encompass the multiple and often competing agendas being pursued and to interpret changes within dynamic local and global contexts. 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