structure and function of spleen

The structure of the spleen enables it to remove older erythrocytes from the circulation and leads to the efficient removal of blood-borne microorganisms and cellular debris. An enlarged spleen can be detected by physician examination or via diagnostic imaging. Not sure what you have been told but need to see an immunologist. Also learn about its functions. Anatomically, the edge of a normal spleen shaped flat. Enlargement of the spleen is treated by addressing the underlying illness. Acts as a giant lymph node, scanning erythrocytes, platelets and antigens. Below is information about the structure and function of the feline spleen. Answers from doctors on structure and function of the spleen. 2. Spleen has an oval shape, with a length of approximately 12 cm (5 inches), a width of 7 cm and 4 cm tall, and weighs about 150 g. Spleen normally can not be in touch except when there is enlargement of the spleen (spleenomegali). The spleen is surrounded by a thin capsule covered by peritoneum (mesothelial cells). This function, in combination with a highly organized lymphoid compartment, makes the spleen the most important organ for antibacterial and antifungal immune reactivity. We will tell you about the general structure of the spleen, how the spleen works in cats, common diseases that affect the spleen, and common diagnostic tests performed in cats to evaluate the spleen. The spleen is an organ in the left upper abdomen. The structure of the spleen enables it to remove older erythrocytes from the circulation and leads to the efficient removal of blood-borne microorganisms and cellular debris. Blood Circulation in Spleen 3. These zones are at once arterial and nervous units. Minute structure of the spleen with special reference to the periarterial lymphoid sheath. Google Scholar The spleen is part of your body’s lymphatic system. In early childhood, it plays a major role in building and maintaining the immune system. The cat's spleen is an elongated organ located in the abdomen. Normal Structure, Function, and Histology of the Spleen MARK F. C ESTA Integrated Laboratory Systems, Inc., Durham, North Carolina 27713, USA ABSTRACT The spleen is the largest secondary immune organ in the body and is responsible for initiating … Extracellular fluid in the lymphatic system is known as lymph. Thymus- Structure and Functions. Spleen Definition: The spleen can be defined as the largest gland of the lymphatic system, located to the left of the stomach, which helps your body combat diseases and get rid of debris.. This function is charged to the white pulp which surrounds the central arterioles. This function, in combination with a highly organized lymphoid compartment, makes the spleen the most important organ for antibacterial and antifungal immune reactivity. It is located just behind the stomach and under the diaphragm. The diaphragm separates the spleen from the pleura and ribs 9–11 posteriorly. The protective function of the spleen is also carried out through its ability to phagocytose foreign particles and microorganisms. Spleen: Definition, Structure, and Function. Inside, the mass of splenic tissue is of two types, the red pulp and the white pulp, which do not separate into regions but intermingle and are distributed throughout the spleen. It is the largest organ in the body’s lymphatic system, which is responsible for promoting immune function, filtering the blood, and managing blood volume. Functions. of Virology, Houtribweg 39, 8221 RA Lelystad (The Netherlands) General architecture In the chicken spleen, the dis- tinction between red and white pulp is less sharp than in mam- mals. ADVERTISEMENTS: In this article we will discuss about the structure of spleen with the help of suitable diagram. Histologically, the spleen is formed of stroma and parenchyma. The spleen is the largest single mass of lymphatic tissue in the body. The thymus is a lymphocyte-rich, bilobed, encapsulated organ located behind the sternum, above and in front of the heart. 352 38th FORUM IN IMMUNOLOGY Structure and function of the chicken spleen S.H.M. The spleen is a small organ, typically located on the left side of the body, behind the ribcage and stomach.It is the largest organ in the body’s lymphatic system, which is responsible for promoting immune function, filtering the blood, and managing blood volume.. The structure of the spleen enables it to remove older erythrocytes from the circulation and leads to the efficient removal of blood-borne microorganisms and cellular debris. Below is information about the structure and function of the canine spleen. The following spleen definitions will add to your understanding of the spleen location and function. The spleen is an organ located in the upper left abdomen, and is roughly the size of a clenched fist. The lymphatic system is the system of ducts and lymph nodes which are found under the skin. This enlargement is a result of an excess of trapped blood cells that can damage the spleen's function. Lymph contains disease-fighting cells called lymphocytes, which are supplied by the lymphatic system. What Is the Spleen? We will tell you about the general structure of the spleen, how the spleen works in dogs, common diseases that affect the spleen and common diagnostic tests performed in dogs to evaluate the spleen. The spleen is soft, highly vascular and dark purple in colour. Location and Structure of Spleen 2. The spleen is encased in a thick connective-tissue capsule. The spleen is a soft, spongy organ of the lymphatic system. Its function is to filter the blood. immune function and develops T-lymphocytes The spleen mounts the immune response and removes micro-organisms and damaged red blood cells from circulation Lymph nodes are clustered throughout the body and filter pathogens from lymph, swelling when mounting an immune response The lymphatic system 2: structure and function of the lymphoid organs Before birth, the spleen also helps producing blood cells. The spleen combines the innate and adaptive immune system in a uniquely organized way. Histological structure of the spleen Stroma. Start studying Lymph node/ Spleen Structure and Function. The spleen is a small organ, typically located on the left side of the body, behind the ribcage and stomach. School6 (1959b) 83–105. by Microb Life. The adult spleen weighs ∼100–150 g, the size of a cupped hand. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Jeurissen Central Veterinary Institute, Dept. The spleen is an organ found in virtually all vertebrates.Similar in structure to a large lymph node, it acts primarily as a blood filter.The word spleen comes from Ancient Greek σπλήν (splḗn).. Below is information about the structure and function of the canine spleen. It … The spleen plays important roles in regard to red blood cells (erythrocytes) and the immune system. The spleen. Spleen and thymus. Location and Structure of Spleen: Spleen lies in between the fundus of the stom­ach and the diaphragm. Overview. Normal structure and function Anatomy. Spleen Definition. The spleen is the largest lymphoid organ in the body. Since the publication of The Complete Spleen: Structure, Function, and Clinical Disorders under the title of The Spleen in 1990, there has appeared a wealth of new information that now demands incorporation into the diagnosis and management of patients with splenic disorders. The spleen is a universal blood-forming organs in the embryonic stage of development, and produces lymphocytes after birth. The spleen is divided into segmental zones or lobes, corresponding to the branches of the arteria lienalis which enter it. Lymphatic system, network of vessels and other tissues, including the tonsils, spleen, and thymus, that maintains fluid balance and fights infection. The spleen can become enlarged as a result of infection, anemia or cancer. Its job is to process old and damaged blood cells and microorganisms. Many diseases and disorders of the spleen start with “Splen-” for example splenomegaly means enlargement of the spleen. It serves two general functions in adults:1.Fights infection. We will tell you about the general structure of the spleen, how the spleen works in dogs, common diseases that affect the spleen and common diagnostic tests performed in dogs to evaluate the spleen. First: The spleen is a very important organ. Bull. The spleen is the largest organ of the lymphatic system.Located in the upper left region of the abdominal cavity, the spleen's primary function is to filter blood of damaged cells, cellular debris, and pathogens such as bacteria and viruses.Like the thymus, the spleen houses and aids in the maturation of immune system cells called lymphocytes. Spleen Definition. The spleen is surrounded by a capsule composed of dense fibrous tissue, elastic fibers, and smooth muscle. It is a highly vascular haemopoietic organ situated in the left hypochondrium directly beneath the […] Yamaguchi med. The spleen is an approximately 5-inch by 3-inch organ that is located in the upper left abdominal area. Murata, H., Comparative studies of the spleen in submammalian vertebrates II. It also plays a role in both cell-mediated and humoral immune responses. The white pulp is composed of three sub-compartments: the periarteriolar lymphoid sheath (PALS), the follicles, and the marginal zone. 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